| November 2006 Newsletter
"Jackson, Thomas 'Stonewall' … fought with Lee in the … First and Second Battles of Bull Run."
– United States History (Holt, 2006), p. R56, col. 2
Lee did not fight at First Bull Run. Beauregard and Johnston led the South there.
Daniel Boone and John Jay did not attend the Constitutional Convention and contributed nothing to it, so students should not choose them.
Q: "… which leader do you think made the greatest contribution to the Constitutional Convention?"
– Creating America (McDougal, 2006), p. 240, "CRITICAL THINKING," no. 2, lines 3-5
A: "Students may choose Daniel Boone, James Madison, Daniel Shays, George Mason, or John Jay. Be sure that they discuss contributions made and the reasons behind their choices."
– Creating America (McDougal, 2006), p. 240, bottom margin, "CRITICAL THINKING," no. 2, lines 1-2, Teacher's Edition
"Duties of the legislative branch include
The judicial branch – not the legislative branch – interprets the laws.
Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution – not the Judiciary Act of 1789 – established the Supreme Court. If Congress established the Supreme Court, the Court is not coequal, violating the separation of powers.
"… the Gadsden Purchase, which opened the Northwest for settlement …."
– United States History (Holt, 2006), p. R58, col. 2, "Pierce, Franklin," lines 3-5
"At the Battle of Tippecanoe, Tecumseh was killed …."
– A History of US (Oxford, 2005), Teaching Guide Answer Key for The New Nation, 1789-1850, p. 141, col. 2, "CHECK-UP 3," no. 9, line 1
Tecumseh was not present at Tippecanoe. He died at the Battle of the Thames. The text itself admits this on The New Nation, 1789-1850 : p. 72, bottom left artwork caption, lines 2-3.
"In the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress established the Supreme Court …."
– The American Journey (Glencoe, 2006), p. 281, col. 1, par. 2, lines 1-2
The Gadsden Purchase helped open the Southwest, not the Northwest, for settlement.
Jefferson did not participate in the Constitutional Convention. He was U.S. ambassador to France at that time. The text itself admits this on p. 126, col. 1, par. 3, lines 1-2.
Q: "Then ask students to suggest possible sources for the ideas of self-government expressed in the Mayflower Compact."
– America: History of Our Nation (Prentice, 2006), p. 615, right margin, "Build Background Knowledge," lines 8-11, Teacher's Edition
A: "(Possible answers: … the English Bill of Rights, ….)"
– America: History of Our Nation (Prentice, 2006), p. 615, right margin, "Build Background Knowledge," lines 11-12, Teacher's Edition
"At the Hartford Convention, dissatisfied Federalists made plans for the New England states to secede."
– America: History of Our Nation (Prentice, 2006), p. 205, "Section 4/Check Your Progress," no. 5
"Why do you think Washington chose Jefferson and Hamilton for important cabinet positions? They … had participated in the Constitutional Convention."
– United States History (Holt, 2006), p. 197, right margin, "Main Idea - Make Inferences," Teacher's Edition
The Hartford Convention did not make plans to secede. It proposed constitutional amendments and affirmed the right of nullification. This was not the Essex Junto.
This Supreme Court case (Worcester v. Georgia, 1832) prohibited Georgia, not the U.S., from removing the Cherokee. The federal government's right to remove them was never litigated.
"Ignoring a Supreme Court ruling, the U.S. government forced several Indian nations to leave their land and move west of the Mississippi River."
– A History of US (Oxford, 2005), Student Study Guide for The New Nation, 1789-1850, p. 35, top, "SUMMARY"
The 1689 English Bill of Rights could not have been a source of ideas for the 1620 Mayflower Compact.
Sea routes from Europe to Africa do not involve crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Sea routes from Europe to Asia do not necessarily involve crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The text itself admits this on p. 14, map.
"Finding sea routes [from Europe] to Africa and Asia meant crossing the Atlantic Ocean."
– United States History (Holt, 2006), p. 14, col. 2, par. 2, lines 1-2
"The United States wins the War of 1812."
– Creating America (McDougal, 2006), p. 312, bottom, chart, "The Jefferson Era," bottom row, "Main Idea"
Neither side won the War of 1812. The Treaty of Ghent restored the status quo ante bellum. The text itself admits this on p. 333, par. 2, lines 1-2.