Educational Research Analysts

page 4

Human evolution is unproven

Biology: The Living Science
claims man evolved from apes …
… but evolutionary scientists
admit they lack proof:
    "From this second group [Old World monkeys] evolved the hominoids, which include gorillas, chimpanzees, and Homo sapiens. … the hominoid line gave rise to a small group known as the hominids. Although the early hominids were not yet human, they did show several evolutionary trends that set them apart from other hominoids.
     "The history described thus far is supported by an enormous volume of scientific data of several types that virtually all scientists interpret in the same way. The fossil record clearly documents links among many living and extinct primates. Studies in molecular biology shed additional light on relationships between humans and other living great apes.
"… we know much more about our past today than we did twenty years ago, and new pieces of the puzzle fall into place every day."
— p. 497, col. 1, line 12, col. 2, par. 1
    "In each case although initial studies suggest that the [australopithecine] fossils are similar to humans, or at the worst intermediate between humans and African apes, study of the complete evidence readily shows that the reality is otherwise. These fossils clearly differ more from both humans and African apes, than do these two living groups from each other. The australopithecines are unique.
     "… The various australopithecines are, indeed, more different from both African apes and humans in most features than these latter are from each other. Part of the basis of this acceptance has been the fact that even opposing investigators have found these large differences as they too, used techniques and research designs that were less biased by prior notions as to what the fossils might have been….
     "… In this case, also, most of the new studies have come from laboratories independent of those representing individuals who have found the fossils."
— Charles Oxnard (formerly Professor of Anatomy and Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, now Professor of Anatomy and Human Biology, University of Western Australia), Fossils, Teeth and Sex: New Perspectives on Human Evolution (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987), p. 227.

"Modern apes, for instance seem to have sprung out of nowhere. They have no yesterday, no fossil record. And the true origin of modern humans — of upright, naked, tool-making, big-brained beings — is, if we are to be honest with ourselves, an equally mysterious matter."
— Lyall Watson (anthropologist.), "The Water People," Science Digest, vol. 90, no. 5, May 1982, p. 44.

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